Three maps are used in this section. The first map was most likely drawn in 1831-33 by G.E. Abelé-Schaubert, who was an architect and civic designer under John Capodistrias, the first President of Greece and later Otto, first King of Greece (Robinson). It has been reproduced and digitized in AutoCAD. This allowed the different types of features to be put into layers so that combinations of features could be examined without having to see everything. The original map consists of a sketch of the village plan as it was at the time, with a map of a revised town plan for use if the location was chosen as the site of the new capital of Greece superimposed onto it. Thus the digitized and layered version of the map is most useful to this project because I am able to "turn off" the information about the proposed plan and concentrate on only those features which existed at the time. For the purposes of this project, the map is not produced in it entirety, and several layers have been turned off.
The use of the computer medium also allowed the map to be fitted in scale to a second map, that of a 1963 topographical map made by the Greek Army Service, to see how the plan differs from the modern village plan. I have thus produced three maps: one of the village plan in 1831-33, one of the village plan in 1963 and one of the two superimposed onto each other.
Follow the link at the head of each section to view the map in its own pop-up window.
This map, especially when combined with some of the descriptions of the travellers of this time, provides a wealth of information about the pre-independence village. Tsakopoulos points out that the plan provides "an understanding of the breath of the area of the city and of the distinction between the quarters of the city that are spaced relatively far apart, divided by cultivable expanses" (204 my translation). This accords with the descriptions of some of the earlier travellers, such as Randolph, Spon, Wheler, Dodwell, Turner, Bramsen, Williams suggesting that there was continuity between the village of the 17th century and the plan of 1831-33. Robinson's interest is in some of the ancient ruins and the location of the post-independence "Capodistrian School" (272,278). Tsakapoulos looks at the location of the village square, or Agora, the three mosques and the palace of Kamil Bey (207).
This plan shows the modern village plan. Though there are many more houses now than there were in 1963, and the residential area has spread to some areas that were primarily agricultural in 1963, the village plan was essentially the same when I visited in 1995. I spent time that summer walking around with the photographs, trying to work out the location of the artist when he drew the view by lining up distinctive characteristics of the landscape and some of the extant ruins. When I felt that I had pinpointed a spot, I photographed the modern view for comparison with the traveller's drawing and marked the location on the modern map. The dates marked in white will shortly be linked to the images themselves. Others will be added as permissions are granted and time permits.
It is clear from this comparison that the two plans are essentially the same, at least in the village center. The church was built on the site of the tombs built adjacent to the mosque. The modern plateia is in the same place as the Turkish Bazaar. Most of the roads of the modern village correspond with those of the Turkish village. When combined with the texts written by the earliest travellers which describe the various "neighborhoods" and the agricultural spaces in between, as well as the earliest illustrations which also show clusters of houses and the central mosque minaret to the northeast of the temple, the evidence strongly suggests that the modern town plan is essentially unchanged since 1671. The location of the lower mosque relative to the modern town plan confirms the identification of a few of the drawings, and there are three drawings of this area that offer a great deal of evidence of the appearance of that section of town that can be confirmed by intersubjective checking, as well as evidence of the location of water sources in the present day. A Turkish Tomb on the north side of the village can be identified in one of the travellers' drawings and thus a view of a more complete structure can be obtained. The same is true for the temple, the Roman ruins just north of the bazaar and many other ancient monuments.